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Italian cultural heritage


From antiquity until the mid-17th century, Italy was considered as the central place of Western culture and the starting point of worldwide phenomena such as the Roman Empire, Roman Catholic Church, the Renaissance, cultural and educational reform and new beginning. During this period, Italy gave birth to a number of famous painters, sculptors, poets, musicians, mathematical and architects those created a niche of their own in history.

Both the internal and external facets of Western culture were born on the Italian peninsula, whether one looks at the history of the Christian faith, civil institutions, philosophy, law, art, science, or social customs and culture. Furthermore, the country played a leading role in the fight against the death penalty.

The famous elements of Italian culture are its art, music, fashion, and iconic food. Italy was the birthplace of opera, and for generations the language of opera was Italian, irrespective of the nationality of the composer. Popular tastes in drama in Italy have long favored comedy; the improvisational style known as the Commedia dell’arte began in Italy in the mid-16th century and is still performed today.

Italy is home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites to date out of a total of 981 and then owns 4.99% of the world’s heritage and one estimate says that the country is home to half the world’s great art treasures.

Apulian cultural Heritage

Castel del Monte

Apulia (Italian: Puglia) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Its southernmost portion, known as Salento peninsula, forms a high heel on the “boot” of Italy.

Puglia a land of conquest and domination. The castles, true masterpieces of architecture, including the Castel del Monte, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the numerous watchtowers that dot the southern coast. Then there are the noble palaces, the historic quarters, the squares, symbols of power, site of everyday living.

Puglia land of art. The cities and smallest towns hold sumptuous historical buildings, expressions of Renaissance and Baroque art that today house art libraries, museums, and picture galleries.

Puglia land of faith and age-old traditions. Basilicas, cathedrals, and sanctuaries are all different artistic manifestations of faith; then there are the feasts of patron saints, local festivals, and suggestive historical re-enactments that renew ancient customs and traditions annually.

Puglia cradle of civilization. Remains of ancient civilizations stand witness to the prehistoric and medieval populations in these lands, who left traces that can still be found today in important archaeological parks and leading municipal museums.

Puglia land of ancient crafts. In small villages and large cities alike, the work of craftsmen still lives in splendid artistic creations that are made today with the same techniques as ages ago. There are the famous earthenware whistles of Rutigliano, laces of the Gargano, ceramics of Grottaglie, and the objects carved in the Salento of local stone, with wrought iron and papier mâché.

Italian cuisine

Apulian cuisine

Cibo puglia

Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BCE. Italian cuisine in itself takes heavy influences, including Etruscan, ancient Greek, ancient Roman, Byzantine, and Jewish.

Italian cuisine is noted for its regional diversity, abundance of difference in taste, and is known to be one of the most popular in the world, with influences abroad.
Italian cuisine is characterized by its extreme simplicity, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients. Italian cooks rely chiefly on the quality of the ingredients rather than on elaborate preparation.


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